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The Colonial Period

The Colonial Period in U.S. history was a time of settlement, discovery, and hardship. This era is marked by European colonization and expansion into the eastern edges of North America. Colonists often left Europe for America to obtain religious, economic, and political freedoms.

With settlement came hardship as colonists learned how to farm in the new world. Expansion resulted in skirmishes and battles as colonists and Native Americans clashed over resources and use of land. Power struggles also existed between colonizing nations such as France and England.

Labor to work on large farms and plantations in the South was initially performed by indentured servants, but eventually Native American and black Africans were enslaved to meet the demand for labor.