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A neutral nation does nothing to assist or impede a belligerent (warring) power.
Neutral nations and belligerents often have different aims. A neutral avoids involvement in the conflict, but usually tries to maintain trading opportunities with the warring parties. Conversely, the belligerent power seeks to defeat its enemy at all costs, including disruption of trade between that opponent and neutral parties.
A series of basic concepts of neutrality has been established by proclamation or international agreement, which may include the following:
The Proclamation of Neutrality
Although both Hamilton and Jefferson favored a neutral position, Hamilton sided with Britain and Jefferson with France. And James Madison questioned the president's authority to issue the proclamation without congressional approval ...
Neutrality Acts 1935-1941
... revision of the Neutrality law to aid the democracies May 1 - Cash-and-carry neutrality law expired, yet 72% approve discretionary embargo of aggressors June 29 - House approved Vorys amendment to keep mandatory arms embargo but allow export ...
HyperWar: Diplomatic Documents--Soviet-Japanese Neutrality and Denunciation
... Regarding Mongolia DECLARATION In conformity with the spirit of the Pact on neutrality concluded on April 13, 1941, between the U.S.S.R. and Japan, the Government of the U.S.S.R. and the Government of Japan, in the interest of insuring ...