Foreign Affairs under Jefferson
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War between revolutionary France and Britain broke out in the spring of 1803. American commercial interests initially prospered because trade with the West Indies was carried in U.S. ships, while belligerent ships were bottled up in the war. This prosperity also attracted many deserters from the Royal Navy, who heard that American sailors enjoyed better working conditions and twice the pay.
In 1805, the British under Lord Nelson destroyed the French fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar; henceforth Britain ruled the seas and stepped up her campaign to regulate the activities of neutral nations.
American rights as a neutral power began to suffer in the following ways:
In 1808, Jefferson announced his decision not to seek a third term, but before leaving office he gave his successor a break by seeing to the repeal of the embargo and the enactment of a substitute measure. In 1809, Congress passed the Non-Intercourse Act, which reopened trade with all nations except England and France. It also offered resumption of trade with the belligerents if they would respect American neutral rights. It was the embargo turned inside out.
(1948-81); Mayo, Bernard, Thomas Jefferson and His Unknown Brothers (1981); Miller, John C., The Wolf by the Ears: Thomas Jefferson and Slavery (1980) and Jefferson and Nature (1988); Peterson, Merrill D., Thomas Jefferson and the New Nation ...
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Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States. He expanded American borders with the Lousiana Purchase, funded the exploration of the West (Lewis and Clark). and dramatically expanded the power of the Presidency. Jefferson's first ...