Post-Civil War Conditions
Start Your Visit WithHistorical Timelines
General Interest Maps
The North in 1865 was an extremely prosperous region. Its economy had boomed during the war, bringing economic growth to both the factories and the farms. Since the war had been fought almost entirely on Southern soil, the North did not have to face the task of rebuilding.
Despite its relative prosperity, the war had been costly for the North. Three methods had been employed to raise funds:
The South, however, had sustained immense damage. Entire cities lay in ruins. Thousands of people lacked the means to provide food, clothing, or shelter for themselves or their dependents. The Federal government did little to assist the needy. The creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau was one of the few efforts to do so.
The South harbored deep feelings of hatred toward the North, but lacked an effective forum for venting those feelings. Tensions were heightened by the actions of the “scalawags and carpetbaggers.” Efforts to regulate relationships between the newly freed slaves and their former masters were made in the black codes.
The Confederacy had printed more than $800 million in paper money during the course of the war. Massive inflation had resulted. The currency and other government securities were worthless, destroying the savings of thousands.
- - - Books You May Like Include: ----
Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution 1863-1877 by Eric Foner.
This masterful treatment of one of the most complex periods of American history made history when it was originally published in 1988. It redefined ho...
Slavery by Another Name: The Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II by Douglas A. Blackmon.
In this groundbreaking historical exposé, Douglas A. Blackmon brings to light one of the most shameful chapters in American history—an “Age of Neoslav...