Scalawags and Carpetbaggers
Start Your Visit WithHistorical Timelines
General Interest Maps
A temporary political vacuum existed in the postwar South. Confederate military and political leaders were temporarily prohibited from participating in the political process. Republican governments filled the void and were able to retain control by depending upon the votes of the newly enfranchised blacks. Blacks were vital to the process, but that did not mean that they ran affairs. Two groups actually pulled the strings of government:
In 1867, white Southerners generally stayed away from the elections to their constitutional conventions, preferring military rule to letting blacks vote in a democratic election. In their absence, control passed to the carpetbaggers and scalawags, who maintained control as long as the Republican party was in power in the South.
Carpetbaggers used their influence during the writing of new state constitutions to incorporate some progressive concepts from their places of origin. For instance, Robert K. Scott used his dominance of the South Carolina convention to model that state's new constitution on that of his home state of Ohio. However, after being elected the Republican governor of South Carolina, he engaged n some interesting practices such as providing the legislature with its own saloon.
For the most part, it was the carpetbaggers who were the dominant factor in the Deep South, where the black vote would have outnumbered the white, while the scalawags were influential in the Upper South. Both the scalawags and the carpetbaggers were resented by many Southerners and became the targets of the Ku Klux Klan.
Scallawags and Carpetbaggers
... of Radical Reconstruction. Making it worse, scallywags often were from the lower classes from before the war, and this only infuriated those in the middle and upper classes who had no civil rights and were impoverished. The hatred was intense.
... and harpies to prey upon, to mock and taunt and jeer them in their downfall and misfortune. To their minds the word expressed all that collective and accumulated hate which generations of antagonism had engendered, intensified and sublimated ...
ADAH: Alabama Moments (What is a Scalawag?--Details)
... is a Scalawag? George Wallace epitomized the general lack of information about scalawags and carpetbaggers when he attacked Southern Federal judges using the phrase scallawagging carpetbaggers in his l970 gubernatoriascalawags and carpetbaggers when he attacked Southern Federal judges using the phrase scallawagging carpetbaggers in his l970 gubernatorial campaign. There is no ...