History of Bloomington, Indiana
Start Your Visit WithHistorical Timelines
General Interest Maps
Bloomington, the county seat of Monroe County, Indiana, made its beginning as a small settlement in 1816, after President James Monroe choose it as the site of the Indiana Seminary. The new settlement’s location on a trading route, and the availability of spring water attracted settlers. Following the creation of Monroe County in 1818, the settlement was given the designation of a town and was platted on April 11.
Although the new town was named Bloomington, there is no precise evidence or record suggesting the basis on which the name was given. Some people say that the town was named so owing to the blooming flowers and foliage, which greeted the early settlers. Another theory suggests that the name was given in honor of William Bloom, one of the first settlers.
A group of Scotch-Irish Presbyterians from South Carolina known as the Covenanters had settled just outside Bloomington by 1821. Believing that slavery was a moral evil, the Covenanters provided a way station for escaped slaves traveling north on the Underground Railroad in the period before and during the Civil War.
Limestone quarrying was one of the earlier major industries in Bloomington, but the major reason for the town’s growth was Indiana University. It was established on the original site of the Indiana Seminary, in 1820. This university, which attracted students from various parts of the country, greatly contributed to the growth and development of the town.
The New Albany and Salem Railroad reached Bloomington in 1854, giving the city convenient connections to the outside world. Bloomington was incorporated as a city in 1876 with Charles W. Henderson as mayor.
Among the special features of Bloomington are the headquarters of the Kinsey Institute and the only Tibetan Cultural Center in America. Both the Mathers Museum of World Cultures and the Indiana Art Museum are on the IU campus. Wonderlab, the museum of science, health, and technology, focuses on the interests of children.
Indiana Historical Marker Celebrations - The Colored School, Bloomington, Monroe County, Indiana
... The Colored School The Colored School (53.2005.1) Bloomington Monroe County, Indiana View the annotated text for this marker. The marker was dedicated February 13, 2005 and is located at Sixth and Washington Streets in Bloomington. The ...
Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, Geological tour of Southern Indiana. U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet on Indiana University of Cincinnati Campus, McMicken College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geology â€“ DisBloomington, Indiana, Geological tour of Southern Indiana. U. S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet on Indiana University of Cincinnati Campus, McMicken College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Geology â€“ Discover Cincinnati ...
Today, Indiana is a state of mostly small towns and midsize cities. Its largest city and capital is Indianapolis, where the nation's most famous auto race, the Indianapolis 500, is held each year. The state's residents are commonly referred to as ...