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During the Napoleonic Wars between France and Britain, both belligerents violated the accepted norms of neutral shipping. As a neutral, the United States keenly felt the affront to its national pride as well as the cost to is merchant fleet.
President Thomas Jefferson felt that a solution short of war should be possible. The non-importation act had not proved successful. Jefferson concluded that if the United States stopped all trade with both belligerents, they would be forced by economic necessity to respect American neutral rights.
In pursuit of this objective, Jefferson proposed legislation which Congress passed in December 1807. Known as the Embargo Act, the new law forbade any American ship from leaving for a foreign port. As a gesture towards achieving military ends by peaceful means, it was a noble idea, but as a practical method of forcing Britain and France to respect American rights, it was a failure.
The impact on the economies of Britain and France were more limited than Jefferson had expected. While workers in British mills might lose their jobs due to shortages of raw materials, the factory owners made money from the increased value of their inventory on hand.
At home, the steep drop in overseas commerce, with what remained being illegal smuggling, cost the exporters and shippers dearly, although it worked to the benefit of manufacturers who replaced imports with domestic products. Protests against the embargo grew throughout 1808, forcing the embargo's repeal in March 1809, before the end of Jefferson's term of office. It was succeeded by the Nonintercourse Act.
Effects of the Embargo Act and War of 1812
The aggressive acts of Great Britain were of a nature which now would not be submitted to for a month, yet they were extended over a period of some twenty years. An official statement of the Secretary of State, made in 1812, declares that five ...
SparkNotes: The First Years of the Union (1797-1809): Fighting for Neutrality: The Embargo Act
His answer was the Embargo Act. Technically, the Embargo Act only prevented exportation, but few ships would carry goods to US harbors knowing they would be forced to leave without cargo. The effect of the Embargo Act was to place theEmbargo Act. Technically, the Embargo Act only prevented exportation, but few ships would carry goods to US harbors knowing they would be forced to leave without cargo. The effect of the Embargo Act was to place theEmbargo Act only prevented exportation, but few ships would carry goods to US harbors knowing they would be forced to leave without cargo. The effect of the Embargo Act was to place theEmbargo Act was to place the United ...
Embargo Act- December 22, 1807
Visit HistoryShopping.com '); '); '); Fulton's Own Account Of His First Trip To Albany FIRST LETTER 1807 I arrived this afternoon at four o'clock in the steamboat from Albany. As the success of my experiment gives me great hopes that ...