The Nobel Prize is an international award given yearly for oustanding achievements in the fields of physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, economic science,
and for peace. Since its inception in 1901 by Alfred Nobel, many have received the prestigious award. Listed below are the Americans who have
received the prize amount, a gold medal and a diploma (with any non-American co-recipients listed in parentheses, as applicable).
Leader of "Southern Christian Leadership
Charles H. Townes
(Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov)
"For fundamental work in the field of
quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers
based on the maser-laser principle"
Robert B. Woodward
"For his outstanding achievements
in the art of organic synthesis"
Richard P. Feynman
"For their fundamental work
in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics
of elementary particles"
Robert S. Mulliken
"For his fundamental work concerning
chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular orbital
Charles B. Huggins
"For his discoveries concerning hormonal
treatment of prostatic cancer"
"For his discovery of tumour-inducing
Haldan K. Hartline
"For their discoveries concerning
the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye"
"For his contributions to the theory of nuclear
reactions, especially his discoveries concerning the energy production in stars"
"For the discovery of the reciprocal relations
bearing his name, which are fundamental for the thermodynamics of irreversible processes"
Robert W. Holley
H. Gobind Khorana
Marshall W. Nirenberg
"For their interpretation of the genetic
code and its function in protein synthesis"
"For his decisive contributions to elementary
particle physics, in particular the discovery of a large number of resonance states, made
possible through his development of the technique of using hydrogen bubble chamber and data
Alfred D. Hershey
"For their discoveries concerning the replication
mechanism and the genetic structure of viruses"
"For his contributions and discoveries concerning
the classification of elementary particles and their interactions"