Political Reform II
The era of politics after the Civil War became more dynamic as Americans struggled to determine the direction of the country into the 20th century. New political parties, such as the Populists and Progressives, rose and fell in popularity. The long battle over Womens’ Suffrage came to an end with the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920.
African Americans experienced a period of enfranchisement after the Civil War, but opponents rallied against these new freedoms. The political, economic, and social privileges black Americans had gained were erased with the proliferation of Black Codes, Jim Crow segregation laws, lynchings, and voting disenfranchisement.
NEW POLITICS & REFORM
- Progressive Party aka the Bull Moose Party- The Progressive Party was a factor in the presidential campaigns of three men — Theodore Roosevelt, Robert La Follette, and Henry Wallace.... Continue Reading
- Spanish-American War - The Spanish-American War was a four-month conflict between Spain and the United States, provoked by word of Spanish colonial brutality in Cuba.... Continue Reading
- Theodore Roosevelt - Theodore Roosevelt was born into a wealthy and influential family in New York City.... Continue Reading
- Taft - William Howard Taft was born on December 5, 1857, in Cincinnati, Ohio, the son of a prominent attorney who had served in the Grant cabinet and later as American minister to Russia and Austria-Hungary.... Continue Reading
- Wilson - Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia, the son of a respected Presbyterian minister whose Calvinist values helped to shape the future president.... Continue Reading
- Women's Suffrage - Women`s suffrage may be defined as women`s right to vote in political circumstances.... Continue Reading
JIM CROW & DISENFRANCHISEMENT
- Jim Crow Laws - Jim Crow Laws were statutes and ordinances established between 1874 and 1975 to separate the white and black races in the American South.... Continue Reading
- Southern Reaction to the Republican Governments - The postwar Republican governments in the South could not have existed without the presence and active support of the U.S. Army, which occupied the area as a conquered territory.... Continue Reading
- Plessy v. Ferguson - The landmark 1896 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Plessy v. Ferguson, upheld racial segregation.... Continue Reading
- Mark Twain - Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain) is considered to be one of America’s greatest humorists and writers. He is perhaps best known for his novels about boyhood life on the Mississippi River in the mid-19th Cen... Continue Reading
- Harry Houdini - Harry Houdini, born Ehrich Weiss on April 6, 1874, in Budapest, Hungary, was the son of Dr. Mayer Samuel Weiss, a Jewish rabbi, and Cecilia Steiner Weiss. He legally changed his name in 1913.... Continue Reading