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History of Newark, Delaware

Newark is a city in New Castle County, 15 miles southwest of Wilmington. It was first settled in 1694. At Cooch's Bridge, two miles away, the American flag was first unfurled in battle. In 1758, Newark received a license to hold semi-annual fairs and weekly markets for agricultural exchange. By 1798, the first sizeable industrial venture, a paper mill, had been established. Methodists erected the first church in 1812. The railroad arrived in 1837. Newark received a city charter in 1852. Newark is home to the University of Delaware, which traces its origins to a small colonial school that started in Pennsylvania in 1743. On the campus are two interesting museums, the Delaware Mineralogical Museum and the Paul R. Jones Collection of African-American art. The University Gallery, dedicated to the arts and humanities, is housed downtown in Old College, built in 1832. Rockford Center opened in Newark as Delaware's first private psychiatric center in 1974. The Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children is six miles south.