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The earliest European exploration of Connecticut was conducted by the Dutch. The British Crown granted land to some English aristocrats in 1631. The Dutch and English disputed over the territory. In 1636, an influx of immigrants arrived from Massachusetts, looking for a change of government. They resolved the Indian question in 1637 by killing most of them. Charles II granted the colony a royal charter in 1662, which remained in effect until the present constitution was adopted in 1818.

The colony declared itself a free and independent state in October 1776. The state was the scene of several battles during the Revolution. Danbury, New London, and New Haven were all attacked by the British. Following the war, Connecticut claimed territory far to the west, based on its original land grant, but was eventually forced to relinquish its claims.

Eli Whitney developed the first rifle with interchangeable parts, and Connecticut became a pioneer in assembly-line production. The War of 1812 was not popular in Connecticut, whose trade suffered as a result. The state was a bastion of Yankee support during the American Civil War. Hartford became the nation's greatest center of insurance.

See Connecticut .

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Bridgeport Tales from the Park City by Eric D. Lehman.
In the late nineteenth century, P.T. Barnum was known worldwide for his traveling circus, but to the city of Bridgeport he meant much more. The city’s...
A Brief History of Waterbury by Edith Reynolds and John Murray.
n 1681, just twenty-eight humble log cabins built around a marshy green made up what is today Waterbury, Connecticut. The town flourished, and by 1850...
The Great Escape of Edward Whalley and William Goffe by Christopher Pagliuco.
When Puritans Edward Whalley and William Goffe joined the parliamentary army against King Charles I in the English civil wars, they seized an opportun...
Hidden History of Connecticut by Wilson Faude.
Connecticut’s history is full of engaging and fascinating stories—rocks that are national monuments, the “people’s sculptor," football players on chap...
The Slaves of Central Fairfield County The Journey from Slave to Freeman in Nineteenth-Century Connecticut by Daniel Cruson.
While the details of Northern antislavery activity are well known, the other side of history is neglected: the enslavement, mistreatment and subjugati...
The Forgotten Founding Father: Noah Webster's Obsession and the Creation of an American Culture by Joshua Kendall.
Noah Webster's name is now synonymous with the dictionary he created, but although there is much more to his story than that singular achievement, his...

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