Signers of the Declaration of Independence

Fifty-six men signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. The youngest was William Rutledge of South Carolina, who was only 26. The oldest was Benjamin Franklin, then aged 70. He commented that, "We must hang together or, most assuredly, we shall all hang separately." Charles Carroll of Maryland, the only Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence, survived longer than any other, dying at the advanced age of 95 in 1832.

Although it is widely believed that the Declaration of Independence was signed on July 4, 1776, the only actual signature on that date was that of John Hancock, who signed as President of the Congress, "by order and in behalf of the Congress," according to the official Journal of the Continental Congress.

By a resolution on July 19, the Congress declared that the resolution of July 4 should be "fairly engrossed." On August 2, having been engrossed on parchment, the document was signed by all available members of Congress. A certain number who not present on August 2 signed at a later date.


  • John Hancock
  • Samuel Adams
  • John Adams
  • Robert Treat Paine
  • Elbridge Gerry

New Hampshire

  • Josiah Bartlett
  • William Whipple
  • Matthew Thornton

Rhode Island

  • Stephen Hopkins
  • William Ellery


  • Roger Sherman
  • Samuel Huntington
  • William Williams
  • Oliver Wolcott

New York

  • William Floyd
  • Philip Livingston
  • Francis Lewis
  • Lewis Morris

New Jersey

  • Abraham Clark
  • John Hart
  • Francis Hopkinson
  • Richard Stockton
  • John Witherspoon


  • George Clymer
  • Benjamin Franklin
  • Robert Morris
  • John Morton
  • George Ross
  • Benjamin Rush
  • James Smith
  • George Taylor
  • James Wilson


  • Thomas McKean
  • George Read
  • Caesar Rodney


  • Charles Carroll
  • Samuel Chase
  • William Paca
  • Thomas Stone


  • Carter Braxton
  • Benjamin Harrison
  • Thomas Jefferson
  • Francis Lightfoot Lee
  • Richard Henry Lee
  • Thomas Nelson, Jr.
  • George Wythe

North Carolina

  • Joseph Hewes
  • William Hooper
  • John Penn

South Carolina

  • Thomas Heyward, Jr.
  • Thomas Lynch, Jr.
  • Arthur Middleton
  • Edward Rutledge


  • Button Gwinnett
  • Lyman Hall
  • George Walton

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