Taft and North American Affairs
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William Howard Taft confronted three issues that involved Canada and the United States. He was successful in solving two of the three.
By the time of the Taft administration, it had become apparent that the herds were in steep decline, due largely to hunting the slower pregnant females. A conference was called in Washington in 1911, drawing together representatives from Russia, Japan, Britain and the United States. An early deadlock slowed progress, but Taft appealed directly to the Japanese emperor and got matters back on track.
The North Pacific Sealing Convention of 1911 ended the hunting of pelagic seals. The United States agreed to compensate the hunting nations by sharing a portion of its proceeds from the continuing land kill on the Pribilof Islands. This agreement was honored by the participating nations and the herdís numbers grew steadily over the next 30 years. Japan pulled out of the convention in 1941, citing heavy damage done to the areaís fisheries by the seals.
Efforts between British and American diplomats initially yielded nothing, but Elihu Root, as one of his last acts before leaving office in early 1909, pledged the United States to submit the matter to the Hague Tribunal. A decision was rendered in the fall of 1910 that essentially supported the British position. Later, in 1912, Britain and the United States signed an agreement formalizing the Tribunalís decision. Of greater significance in this accord was the joint decision to maintain an ongoing panel to handle future disputes as they arose, rather than allow issues to fester over a period of years.
However, political ineptitude ruined the day. Several American politicians made insensitive remarks about the U.S. relationship with Canada. Speaker of the House Champ Clark unwisely expressed his hope that one day the American flag would fly over all of North America. The Canadians seethed; the treaty was soundly defeated and the negotiating party, the Liberals, was voted out of office in the next election.
... a four-seat, single-engine liaison aircraft used by the US Army and by the US and ROK Air Forces during the Korean War.† After the end of World War Two North American Aviation resumed manufacturing aircraft for the civil market, and the NA ...
North American Women's Letters and Diaries Note
... Women's Letters and Diaries will be the largest collection of women's diaries and correspondence ever assembled. Spanning more than 300 years, it will bring the personal experiences of 1,500 women to researchers, students, and general readers.
Hall of North and South Americans
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