The Hague Conferences: Seeking Peace

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International interest in promoting peace developed in the late 19th century, prompted by the acrimonious race for empire among the great powers. On a number of occasions, the competing nations had come close to major war as a result of tensions in Africa or the Far East or elsewhere. After gaining possessions from its victory in the Spanish-American War, the United States also became interested in finding ways to avert conflict. During these years, two major international gatherings considered means of promoting peace.

Queen Wilhelmina

Promotion of peace was a popular topic of international discussion in the early 20th century. ^Andrew Carnegie used his vast financial resources to foster the movement, providing funding for the construction of the Peace Palace at The Hague, the home of the Hague Tribunal. Various secretaries of state, including John Hay, Elihu Root and William Jennings Bryan^, devoted much time and energy to negotiating arbitration treaties with other nations.

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The Avalon Project : Peace Conference at the Hague 1899
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