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The Hessians

The Hessians

British military officials employed the common European practice of hiring mercenary soldiers for the war in America. Given that Germany was not unified at this time, most principalities maintained their own military forces, Hesse-Cassel among them. Even though mercenaries came to America from other German states, they were known, then and now, as Hessians.

It is estimated that nearly 30,000 Germans served with the British in America. The attraction of free land for deserters and the vigorous German population already in America led thousands of these mercenaries to switch allegiance and stay in America.

Hessians who remained in the British employ were hated and feared by the Americans, and the fact that George III had chosen to employ foreign mercenaries stirred up much anger among the colonists.

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Hessian soldiers in the Revolutionary War
The opponents in Parliament to the action of the ministry were numerous, and comprised some of the foremost men in that body The military position of the country was still worse. Twenty-eight thousand sailors and fifty thousand soldiers had been ...
http://www.publicbookshelf.com/public_html/The_Great_Republic_By_the_M ...

The Battle of Trenton
... Sullivan led the second column continued on the river road so it could attack the Hessian garrison from the west. By 6:00 A.M., the troops were miserable. Sullivan sent word that the men's muskets would not fire due to being exposedthe Hessian garrison from the west. By 6:00 A.M., the troops were miserable. Sullivan sent word that the men's muskets would not fire due to being exposed to the ...
http://www.myrevolutionarywar.com/battles/761226.htm

The History
... into Trenton on the morning of December 26, achieving a resounding victory over the Hessians. By moving ahead with his bold and daring plan, General George Washington re-ignited the cause of freedom and gave new life to the American the Hessians. By moving ahead with his bold and daring plan, General George Washington re-ignited the cause of freedom and gave new life to the American Revolution.
http://www.ushistory.org/washingtoncrossing/history/