Nearly two years following the end of the Civil War, Congress finally forged a complete plan for reconstruction. Three measures were passed in 1867 as well as additional legislation the following year. The measures' main points included:
Creation of five military districts in the seceded states (not including Tennessee, which had ratified the 14th Amendment and was readmitted to the Union)
Each district was to be headed by a military official empowered to appoint and remove state officials
Voters were to be registered; all freedmen were to be included as well as those white men who took an extended loyalty oath
State constitutional conventions, comprising elected delegates, were to draft new governing documents providing for black male suffrage
States were required to ratify the 14th Amendment prior to readmission.
Johnsonís vetoes of these measures were overridden by Congress, repeating a familiar pattern.