Tennessee

Early Tennessee area explorers came from Spain, England, and France. Spain did pursue its claims to the territory as vigorously as France and England. In the middle of the 18th century, the latter two empires used Indians as allies to fight for control. Under the terms of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, France abandoned its claim to the territory to the British.

During the War for Independence, soldiers from Tennessee crossed the Great Smoky Mountains and helped to defend South Carolina against the British in the Battle of Kings Mountain. Following the war, the people of Tennessee were dissatisfied with the assistance they were receiving from North Carolina, under whose jurisdiction they were supposed to be governed. In 1784, they formed the unauthorized State of Franklin. In 1789, North Carolina gave the territory to the United States, which formed a territorial government. Tennessee entered the Union as the 16th state in 1796.

Black slaves worked on farms in the western and central parts of Tennessee before the Civil War. Those in the eastern part did not own slaves. As a result, there was a division of sentiment in Tennessee during the Civil War. Tennessee was the last state to secede, which it did two months after the outbreak of hostilities. After the war, Tennessee was the first state to be readmitted to the Union.

During the Great Depression, President Roosevelt pushed legislation through Congress to create the Tennessee Valley Authority. The TVA improved the lives of many citizens of Tennessee and neighboring states by building dams to control flooding and generate electricity. One of the greatest users of TVA power during World War II was Oak Ridge, a city built in secret by the Manhattan Project for the development of the first atomic bomb.


See Tennessee .

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Forrestís Fighting Preacher David Campbell Kelley of Tennessee by Michael R. Bradley.
Every leader needs a trusted confidant. For Nathan Bedford Forrest, one of the Civil Warís greatest military minds, that man was David Campbell Kelley...
The Confederacy's Last Hurrah: Spring Hill, Franklin, and Nashville by Wiley Sword.
Despite being pushed out of Atlanta in September 1864, the forces of John Hood remained in the field, attacking the rail links supplying the Union. H...
They Called Themselves the K.K.K.: The Birth of an American Terrorist Group by Susan Campbell Bartoletti.
"Boys, let us get up a club."

With those words, six restless young men raided the linens at a friendís mansion in 1866. They pulled white sheets ov...
Three Roads to the Alamo: The Lives and Fortunes of David Crockett, James Bowie, and William Barret Travis by William C. Davis.
Ever since the day in March 1836 when an obscure Spanish mission in Texas fell to Mexican forces led by President Santa Anna, Americans have been exho...
Davy Crockett: His Own Story by David Crockett.
A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett of the State of Tennessee. Written in 1834, this autobiography is like a tall tale of the life of a frontier...
Shiloh by Shelby Foote.
In the novel Shiloh, historian and Civil War expert Shelby Foote delivers a spare, unflinching account of the battle of Shiloh, which was fought over ...
David Crockett: The Lion of the West by Michael Wallis.
His name was "David Crockett." He never signed his name any other way, but popular culture transformed his memory into "Davy Crockett," and Hollywood ...
Shiloh, 1862 by Winston Groom.
In the spring of 1862, many Americans still believed that the Civil War, "would be over by Christmas." The previous summer in Virginia, Bull Run, with...

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