Atchison, the county seat of Atchison County, is located about 60 miles from Topeka on the banks of the Missouri River. The first white settlers arrived in 1854, consisting mostly of immigrants from Missouri. During the run-up to the Civil War, Atchison was a center of support for the pro-slavery forces. The Squatter Sovereign, a vigorously antiabolitionist journal, was published in Atchison at this time.
Atchison was incorporated in 1855 as a town and in 1859 as a city. During the boom period of overland stage operations, Atchison was connected to Placerville, California, by one of the longest and most importnat lines in the country.
The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad was chartered by the state of Kansas in 1859 and organized in Atchison in 1860. Construction of the railroad didn't actually start until 1868, but soon Atchison became a hub with eight railroad lines terminating in the city by 1872. During the latter part of the century, Atchison was one of the principal cities of Kansas. John Seaton's foundry alone employed 2000 men by 1894.
Atchison ... and State Highway Commission Historical marker on US-591 mile west of Atchison, Atchison County Marker text sent by Mike LeMasters, Wichita, KS MoreMarkers February 2, 1999 / Bob Walter / Wichita, Kansas / email@example.com Visit the Home ... http://skyways.lib.ks.us/history/atchison.html