Peace with the Central Powers

The fighting in World War I was halted by the signing of an armistice on November 11, 1918. The United States, in a bitter struggle between President Wilson and determined Senate leaders, refused to take the next step and ratify the Treaty of Versailles, which was concluded in June 1919.

Wilson was certainly the equal of Henry Cabot Lodge, the Senate leader, in stubbornness. The president vetoed a Congressional attempt to provide a formal end to the war, keeping the nation technically at war. Wilson hoped to force acceptance of the Treaty, including its provisions for the League of Nations — minus the reservations preferred by Lodge. An effort to force the Senate’s hand by making the Election of 1920 a referendum on Wilson’s version of the peace failed miserably and passed the question on to the administration of Republican Warren G. Harding.

Harding had waffled shamelessly on the Treaty issue during the campaign, but made it clear upon entering office that he would not seek membership in the League. On July 2, 1921, Congress adopted a joint resolution declaring the war at an end. The United States proclaimed its right to the privileges granted the other Allied nations in the Treaty, but assumed no corresponding obligations.

In late August, separate treaties were concluded with Germany, Austria and Hungary. These agreements were promptly ratified by the Senate, which provided an official end to the United States’ role in the conflict. No accommodation was sought with Bulgaria and Turkey because the U.S. had not declared war on those nations.

These matters of diplomatic housekeeping drew little public notice at the time and paled in comparison to the events of the Washington Conference, which convened in November 1921.


See other diplomatic issues during the Harding administration.

Off-site search results for "Peace with the Central Powers"...

Peace made with Eimeo ...
I accepted the friendly offer, had a bed spread for them upon the cabin floor, and submitted myself to their directions. I was desired to lay myself down amongst them. Then, as many of them as could get round me, began to squeeze me with both ...
http://www.geocities.com/TheTropics/7557/3peace.html

SparkNotes: World War I (1914–1919): The Collapse of the Central Powers
... 1919) : The Collapse of the Central Powers The Collapse of the Central Powers Events September 29, 1918 - Wilhelm II pressured into accepting parliamentary government Bulgaria surrenders, signs armistice October 3 - Wilhelm II hands ...
http://www.sparknotes.com/history/european/ww1/section11.rhtml

Josh Gibson -- Dazzled the fans of the Negro Leagues with his power
... 000 a year in the Mexican League as compared to the $4,000 he had received with the Grays. In 1942, he returned to play for the Grays. In 1943, Gibson started to suffer from headaches and dizziness. Doctors diagnosed Gibson with a brain tumor ...
http://www.historicbaseball.com/players/g/gibson_josh.html