British Campaigns of 1777

The centerpiece of the British effort in 1777 was the plan of Major General John Burgoyne, who urged dividing the rebellious colonies by force at the Hudson River. He sought and received the endorsement of Lord George Germain, the chief strategist in London, as well as the blessing of George III, who specifically ordered the use of Indians and mercenaries to subdue the rebels ~ez_mdash~ a testimony to the complete alienation between monarch and colonist.

British Northern Offensive 1777
The northern campaign of 1777 required coordination among three columns:
  1. A British advance south from Canada. A considerable British force remained along the St. Lawrence, left over from a successful defense against the American invasion of 1775-76. Burgoyne was to lead an army from St. John~ez_rsquo~s, up Lake Champlain and eventually across to the upper Hudson and down to Albany, where he was to rendezvous with British forces coming from the Mohawk Valley and New York City.

  2. A British advance north from New York City. William Howe was initially slated to lead his army up the Hudson to Albany, but his preoccupation with taking Philadelphia left the task to Sir Henry Clinton.

    Howe believed that a quick campaign could be completed in Pennsylvania and return to New York in time to assist in the Hudson offensive.

  3. A drive toward Albany via the Mohawk Valley. Colonel Barry St. Leger was to lead his force eastward along the Mohawk River to capture the strategically important Fort Stanwix and, it was hoped, draw American troops from activities along the Hudson.

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WPI Department of Military Science - Map of the British Campaign of 1777
... Programs Faculty & Staff News & Events Resources Contact Us About WPI Map of the British Campaign of 1777 On the map above, the red indicates British forces and their movements while the blue indicates American unitBritish Campaign of 1777 On the map above, the red indicates British forces and their movements while the blue indicates American units and movements. The ...
http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/Depts/MilSci/BTSI/Saratoga/pic_br77.html

American Revolution - The Campaign of 1777
... Bill of Rights The Winning of Independence 1777-1783 The Campaign of 1777 With secure bases at New York and Newport, Howe had a chance to get the early start that had been denied him the previous year. His first plan, advanced; on November 30 ...
http://www.americanrevolution.com/WinningIndCamp77.htm

WPI Department of Military Science - Burgoyne's Plan for the Campaign of 1777
Although Germain had incorporated Howe into his order for the British Campaign of 1777, he had somehow overlooked the necessity to provide orders for Howe outlining his new role in serving the British cause. Upon realizing hiBritish Campaign of 1777, he had somehow overlooked the necessity to provide orders for Howe outlining his new role in serving the British cause. Upon realizing his oversight, Germain ...
http://www.wpi.edu/Academics/Depts/MilSci/BTSI/abs_ord1777.html