As part of the British war plan of 1777, Lieutenant Colonel Barry St. Leger led his army eastward across the Mohawk Valley toward Albany. One early order of business was to take what he believed would be lightly defended Fort Stanwix, which is today Rome, New York. Instead, St. Leger found a rebuilt and well-garrisoned installation, called Fort Schuyler by the Americans. His initial demand for surrender in early August was rebuffed by the defenders.

General Herkimer

Meanwhile, an American relief force was dispatched from nearby Fort Dayton with 800 militia soldiers under the command of Brigadier General Nicholas Herkimer. He approached cautiously and attempted to coordinate a strike against St. Leger with soldiers in Fort Schuyler; that effort failed to materialize and Herkimer was goaded into precipitous action by his men.

On August 6, the American relief column descended onto a narrow path in a ravine near Oriskany Creek. A 1,200-man detachment from St. Leger’s army, mostly Mohawks and Loyalists, was lying in wait. The initial volley cut down most of the American leadership, including Herkimer who sustained a serious leg wound. He had his men prop him up against a tree and continued to direct the battle. Despite his efforts, the Americans were eventually forced from the field.

Both sides suffered heavy losses at Oriskany. Herkimer was taken back to his home where his leg was amputated. He died shortly thereafter. Most of his surviving militiamen returned to their homes, which allowed the British to concentrate again on Fort Schuyler.

What appeared to be a success for St. Leger was only temporary. He continued his siege for another two weeks, but then concluded that he was no match for Benedict Arnold's advancing forces and returned to Fort Oswego. The British army in the Mohawk Valley failed to keep its rendezvous with Burgoyne at Albany, a failure that contributed heavily to the events around Saratoga in the following weeks.

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The Battle of Oriskany
The Great Peace was broken at the Battle of Oriskany where Indian nations allied under the Iroquois Confederacy fought as enemies for the first time in many generations. Home l Contact Us l Suggest this Site l SoutheasteBattle of Oriskany where Indian nations allied under the Iroquois Confederacy fought as enemies for the first time in many generations. Home l Contact Us l Suggest this Site l Southeastern Genealogy l ...
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American Revolution - Revolutionary War Battles - "The Battle of Oriskany" August 6, 1777
Constitution Bill of Rights Related Topics Revolutionary War Battles "The Battle of Oriskany" August 6, 1777 The British Northern Campaign called for the convergence of three separate forces: Burgonyne's troops coming down via FoBattle of Oriskany" August 6, 1777 The British Northern Campaign called for the convergence of three separate forces: Burgonyne's troops coming down via Fort Ticonderoga ...
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Nicholas Herkimer: Hero of Oriskany
He had ordered the arrest of Sir John Johnson in January of 1776. He held a meeting with his former neighbor Joseph Brant in June of 1777 at Unadilla. Both men brought their troops with them, but agreed to go unarmed to the meeting. The end ...
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