Domestic Legislation under Wilson

Woodrow Wilsonís call for a New Freedom during the presidential campaign of 1912 focused attention on three major issues: tariff reform, banking and monetary reform, and antitrust legislation. Significant victories were scored on these fronts in 1913 and 1914, but the outbreak of fighting in Europe shifted attention to other matters.

Later, as he faced reelection in 1916, Wilson worried that a reunited Republican Party might be able to mount a serious challenge to his leadership. The incumbent sought therefore to attract progressive elements in both parties by backing legislative solutions to farmersí credit problems, child labor abuses and labor issues.

A measure not sponsored by the Wilson administration, but clearly in step with progressive legislation, was Robert M. La Folletteís Seamenís Act of 1915, which was designed to improve working conditions for merchant mariners.

During Wilsonís two terms, three new constitutional amendments were ratified by the states:

  • Seventeenth Amendment. Wilson supported the direct election of U.S. Senators as a means of lessening the power of state political machines.
  • Eighteenth Amendment. The president indicated support for prohibition and faithfully abided by its provisons in the public areas of the White House, but not in the personal quarters.
  • Nineteenth Amendment. Wilson gave only half-hearted backing to womenís suffrage; he harbored doubts about women's political judgments and abilities.

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U.S. Department of Labor -- History -- The Federal Government and Negro Workers Under President Woodrow Wilson
Wilson's call to end domestic violence in order to further national unity was emblematic of a war driven shift in federal policy toward Negroes. With the U.S. declaration of war against Germany in April 1917, Negro support and Negro labor were ...
http://www.dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/shfgpr00.htm

U.S. Department of Labor -- History -- The Federal Government and Negro Workers Under President Woodrow Wilson
Wilson's call to end domestic violence in order to further national unity was emblematic of a war driven shift in federal policy toward Negroes. With the U.S. declaration of war against Germany in April 1917, Negro support and Negro labor were ...
http://dol.gov/oasam/programs/history/shfgpr00.htm

Legislation
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http://judiciary.house.gov/LegislationList.aspx

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