Employment of a minor between 12 and 15 for more than eleven hours in one day, or before 5:00 a.m. or after 7:30 p.m.
Offenders in Rhode Island were subject to a potential fine of $20.
Nationally, progress was not swift. By 1860, there were still fewer than ten states with child labor laws and only four had minimum ages for factory labor. Even in 1919, a statement by Catholic bishops showed that the job was not complete:
Public opinion in the majority of the states of our country has set its face inflexibly against the continuous employment of children in industry before the age of sixteen years. Within a reasonably short time all of our states, except some of the stagnant ones, will have laws providing for this reasonable standard.
In 1933, at the depths of the Great Depression, it was not hard to persuade public opinion that the evil of child labor was contrary to the public interest, when adults were facing 25% unemployment themselves. FDR noted in his third Fireside Chat that, "In the Cotton Textile Code and in other agreements already signed, child labor has been abolished. That makes me personally happier than any other one thing with which I have been connected since I came to Washington."
- - - Books You May Like Include: ----
The Woman Behind the New Deal: The Life of Frances Perkins, FDR'S Secretary of Labor and His Moral Conscience by Kirstin Downey.
Frances Perkins is no longer a household name, yet she was one of the most influential women of the twentieth century. Based on eight years of researc...