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United States v. E.C. Knight Company

In the early 1890s, the American Sugar Refining Company purchased stock in four other refineries, formerly competitors, including the E.C. Knight Company. By 1892, American Sugar Refining controlled 98 percent of the nationís refineries.

Suit was brought by the Cleveland administration, alleging that an illegal restraint of trade in interstate commerce had occurred under the terms of the Sherman Antitrust Act.

In 1895, a nearly united Supreme Court ruled eight to one against the government, reasoning that manufacturing (sugar refining) was not interstate commerce and, therefore, not subject to Congressional regulation.

The impact of this decision was tremendous. Manufacturers assumed they were immune from antitrust legislation and a wave of consolidation followed. Little progress would be made to combat manufacturing monopolies until the trust-busting days of the Teddy Roosevelt administration.

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United States v. E. C. Knight Company
1 United States v. E. C. Knight Company APPEAL FROM THE CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE THIRD CIRCUIT No. 675 Argued: October 4, 1894 --- Decided: January 1, 1895 The monopoly and restraint denounced by the act of July 2, 1890, c. 647, 26 Stat ...

United States v. E.C. Knight Company (1895), Gibbons v. Ogden (1824), Landmark Supreme Court Cases
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) United States v. E.C. Knight Company (1895) The fundamental question is whether, conceding that the existence of a monopoly in manufacture is established by the evidence, that monopoly can be directly suppressed under the ...

United States v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895) [675]
Advanced Abstract Participants Resources Printer Friendly United States v. E.C. Knight Co. 156 U.S. 1 (1895) Docket Number: 675 Abstract Argued: October 24, 1894 Decided: January 21, 1895 Facts of the Case The Congress passed the Sherman Anti ...

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