Scipio Africanus Jones

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Scipio Africanus Jones was born into slavery on August 3, 1863. He became an educator, attorney, judge, philanthropist, and Republican politician from the state of Arkansas. His greatest fame derives from his role in the appeals of the twelve men condemned to death in Arkansas after the Elaine Race Riots of 1919.

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On the Laps of Gods: The Red Summer of 1919 and the Struggle for Justice That Remade a Nation by Robert Whitaker.
They shot them down like rabbits... September 30, 1919. The United States teetered on the edge of a racial civil war. During the previous three month...