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Harlem is a district of Manhattan, within the City of New York. It is bounded on the south by 106th Street, on the west by Central Park, and on the north and east by the Harlem and East rivers.

The first settler on the site of present-day Harlem arrived from Holland around 1636. Others soon followed, but the little colony had difficult relations with the Indians. In 1658, it received the name Nieu Haarlem (after the city Haarlem in the Netherlands) and was provided military protection by Governor Stuyvesant of New Netherland. When the British took control, they attempted to rename it Lancaster, but the name didn`t catch on and the anglicized "Harlem" became popular.

During the Revolutionary War, George Washington fought British troops at the Battle of Harlem Heights on September 16, 1776. Harlem was annexed into New York City in 1873. After the turn of the 20th century, large numbers of black American moved to Harlem, making it the largest metropolitan concentration of blacks in North America.

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Harlem in the Twentieth Century by Noreen Mallory.
Harlem is one of New York City’s most historic and culturally vibrant neighborhoods. It is perhaps best known for the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s ...
From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans by John Hope Franklin.
Since its original publication in 1947, From slavery to Freedom has stood as the definitive history of African Americans. Coauthors John Hope Franklin...
The Warmth of Other Suns: The Epic Story of America's Great Migration by Isabel Wilkerson.
In this epic, beautifully written masterwork, Pulitzer Prize–winning author Isabel Wilkerson chronicles one of the great untold stories of American hi...
The Murder of the Century: The Gilded Age Crime that Scandalized a City and Sparked the Tabloid Wars by Paul Collins.
On Long Island, a farmer finds a duck pond turned red with blood. On the Lower East Side, two boys playing at a pier discover a floating human torso w...

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