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Coup in Chile

Thanks to the turbulent six-year administration of Eduardo Frei (Populist Capitalist Party), the struggling working class in Chile cast their votes for change and elected communist Salvador Allende in 1970. The failures of President Allende's government, and an unwillingness of the wealthy class to work cooperatively with it, resulted in a runaway inflation rate in 1973 and numerous strikes throughout the country.

The sheer number of strikes occurring during that time exerted a major impact on the economy. The Movimiento Izquierda Revolucionario (MIR), who were influenced by Che Guevara's ideas, and Partido Socialista Chilena (PSCh), had unsuccessfully attempted two previous coups, the last of which was on June 29, 1973. They went underground.

On September 11, 1973, a CIA-backed military coup overthrew President Allende and installed General Augusto Pinochet as president. Pinochet's regime committed some serious human rights violations during his first years in power and was later voted out of office after a full eight-year term. Due to revelations that President Richard Nixon ordered the CIA to "make the economy scream" in Chile to "prevent Allende from coming to power or to unseat him," a major Senate investigation was launched in the mid-1970s.

Newly declassified documentation shows attempts by the CIA, National Security Council, and President Frei, to prevent President-elect Allende's inauguration and to "destabilize" the Chilean economy prior to the military coup. In addition, DINA (Chilean secret police) and the CIA participated in a state-sponsored terrorist campaign called Operation Condor, during that time.

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Declassified Documents Relating to the Military Coup in Chile
... that President Richard Nixon had ordered the CIA to "make the economy scream" in Chile to "prevent Allende from coming to power or to unseat him," prompted a major scandal in the mid-1970s, and a major investigation by the U.S. Senate. Since ...

Czechoslovakia Coup
Though bloodless, the coup was nonetheless nasty. Leading politicians who advocated democracy were arrested and imprisoned, and the communists infiltrated the government. Shortly after the coup the Czech president, Edvard Benes, was ousted from ...

Foreign Affairs - Book Review - Women and Politics in Chile - Susan Franceschet
... WTO - Hong Kong, 2005 World AIDS Day 2005 Complete list >> Women and Politics in Chile. Susan Franceschet. : Lynne Rienner, 2005, 203 pp. $49.95 Reviewed by Richard Feinberg, Foreign Affairs, May/June 2006 Topics:The AmericasPolitical ... ...

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