Dollar Diplomacy in Mexico
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General turmoil in Mexico had existed since 1911, when dictator Porfirio Díaz was overthrown. He had governed his country on and off for 30 years and had cooperated with the exploitative schemes of foreign investors, many of whom were U.S. citizens. Mexican oil, coffee, rubber, minerals and railroads were owned overwhelmingly by non-Mexicans.
A reform regime was instituted under the new president, Francisco Madero, who attempted to implement Mexican control of resources and utilities. Many American investors lost their holdings and complained bitterly to the Taft administration. In February 1913, with the out-going Republicans' apparent complicity, General Victoriano Huerta plotted the arrest and murder of Madero, and then seized office. The incoming Woodrow Wilson was offended by these undemocratic activities and refused to offer diplomatic recognition to the Huerta regime. Wilson attempted to engineer the installation of a legitimate Mexican government and stage popular elections. Huerta refused to cooperate and came under increasing pressure from an opposition movement led by Venustiano Carranza and his Constitutionalists. Wilson took no further action and followed what he called a policy of “watchful waiting” while chaos reigned in a divided Mexico.
Later, an incident involving U.S. sailors and Mexican officials deepened the rift between the two nations.
To other Wilson foreign affairs activities.
American Imperialism - Dollar Diplomacy
Hammond, whom we quoted, laid down the 14 points of dollar diplomacy. In the Pacific But the United States is not satisfied with the field afforded it by complete hegemony over the South and Central American countries. America has been steadily ...
Ancient agriculture in Mexico
This is the oldest evidence for maize in Mexico, predating the earlier macrofossil evidence by 1000 years. Pope, K. et al. (2001). Origin and Environmental Setting of Ancient Agriculture in the Lowlands of Mesoamerica. Science 292: 1370-1373 ...
Maximilian in Mexico
In July, 1863, the French entered the city of Mexico, and at once threw off the mask they had worn, proposing Maximilian, an Austrian prince, as a candidate for an imperial throne. The Mexican leaders who had aided the enterprise with the ...