The previous major tariff legislation in 1833 had established a series of rate reductions over the course of 10 years. In 1842, however, President John Tyler, feeling the pinch of a protracted depression following the Panic of 1837, reluctantly cancelled the last of the scheduled reductions and signed a new tariff measure.
The Tariff of 1842 provided for upward revision, taking the average rates back to the level of 1833 before the recent reductions had been implemented.
Tylerís decision to sign the tariff bill served as the straw that broke the camelís back in his relationship with his fellow Whigs. In early 1843, a number of Whigs cooperated in an unsuccessful effort to impeach the president.
Support for high tariffs came principally from New England, where manufacturing was concentrated, and was resisted in the South and West, where people benefited from the competition created by cheap imports. The Whig Party was the strongest advocate for tariffs in Congress. Their argument included two points:
If the agricultural regions wanted strong markets for what the produced, it would be more likely to come from the needs of manufacturing workers in New England than in Britain, and
Since the tariff supported the federal government, a low tariff would either be insufficient to fund the national government or it would come from a flood of cheap imports that would bankrupt New England manufacturers and create a national depression.
In 1846, with the Democrats in control of both houses of Congress, the Walker Tariff was enacted, instituting downward revision.
What is a tariff? Also see tariff table summary.
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Tariff of 1816
Ohio Historical Society, 2005, "Tariff of 1816", Ohio History Central: An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio History. Search Visit Other Ohio Historical Society Sites Ohio History Ohio Kids Ohio Teachers Ohio Pix Ohio Memory Choose your text size ...
2 TERMINAL RAILWAY TASD Rail Terminal Tariff No. 8017-Supplement 64 Please read our Tariff Disclaimer ASPA Berth Application (PDF) On-line ASPA Berth Application. Results will be emailed to ASPA. Vehicle Decal Application ...
Tariffs are taxes placed on foreign goods by federal governments. By placing taxes on foreign goods, these products become more expensive. As a result of the increased prices for foreign goods, hopefully citizens of a nation will purchase items ...