Morocco: Diplomatic Intrigues under Roosevelt
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The North African nation of Morocco drew the attention of the Roosevelt administration on two occasions.
Roosevelt, however, chose to exercise the "big stick" on the eve of the Republican nominating convention. Secretary of State John Hay sent a well-publicized telegram to the Moroccans, ordering "Perdicaris alive or Raisuli dead." Many Americans, including delegates at the convention, preferred to believe that the demand had been made by the president. Perdicaris was promptly released by humiliated Moroccan officials.
It was later learned that evidence that Perdicaris was actually a Greek citizen had been offered to Roosevelt, but the president wanted to avoid a loss of face that would have resulted from recalling the fleet.
Wilhelm II, despite his swagger, realized that Germany was not prepared for war and prevailed upon a reluctant Roosevelt to back an international peace conference. The major powers assembled in Algeciras, Spain in 1906 and agreed upon the following:
The Algeciras Conference was a bitter pill for Germany. Late in joining the race for colonies, they failed miserably with their attempt in Morocco. Roosevelt, who did not personally attend the meetings, was really more interested in securing peace in the Russo-Japanese War than in becoming involved in Africa. Many in the United States were critical of American participation in the conference, arguing that it was unwise to be drawn into such a remote location where the nation had only the most limited commercial interests. The Senate reluctantly ratified the Algeciras treaty, but did so only with a stipulation that American involvement did not represent a departure from its traditional policy of avoiding participation in European disputes.
From the European viewpoint, Algeciras was successful in that a potential war was averted, but the wedge between Anglo-French interests and those of the Germans was increased.
Essaouira province, Morocco
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Encyclopedia: Morocco Political Geography
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Morocco - 4/13/2006
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments Last Updated: 4/13/2006Morocco King MOHAMED VI Prime Minister Driss JETTOU Min. of Agriculture, Rural Development, & Sea Fisheries Mohand LAENSER Min. of Communications & Government ...