The Midway Islands are two atolls in the Pacific Ocean located at the tip of the Hawaiian archipelago, about 1,150 nautical miles northwest of Honolulu. They are small, comprising an area of fewer than six square kilometers.
The uninhabited islands were discovered by Captain N.C. Brooks in 1859. They were called the Middlebrook Islands, and later, Brooks Islands.
In 1869, Secretary of State William H. Seward orchestrated the nation's annexation of the islands. The following year, Congress appropriated $50,000 for the construction of a ship channel into a central lagoon area, which provided a safe harbor for vessels crossing the Pacific.
Midway served as a refueling point for Pan-American flights in the 1930s and 1940s.
During World War II, the Battle of Midway (June 1942) was a major turning point in the Pacific Theater.
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Battle of Midway
... 80-G-17056 Battle of Midway, June 1942 Burning oil tanks on Sand Island, Midway, following the Japanese air attack delivered on the morning of 4 June 1942. These tanks were located near what was then the southern shore of Sand Island. This ...
Battle of Midway Timeline
... launching of Midway attack force 0556 Air Raid alarm on Midway 0641 Attack on Midway completed 0714 US level bomber attack on Japanese carriers, no hits. 0838 Yorktown launches attach 1014 Akagi under attack, no hits. 1022 - 1024 Kaga dive ...
The Battle of Midway, 1942
Midway, a tiny island a thousand miles from Hawaii became the target. The Japanese threw almost the entire Imperial Fleet into the battle - six aircraft carriers, eleven battleships, thirteen cruisers, forty-five destroyers, assorted submarines ...