Injunction: A Tool by Industrial Management in Labor Conflicts

An injunction is a court order instructing a party to do, or refrain from doing, a specified act.

Beginning in the 1880s, the injunction was requested by industrial management and granted by sympathetic courts to end strikes and boycotts. Its effectiveness was demonstrated during the Pullman Strike of 1894. The injunction long remained a prime tool used to curb labor union power.

In 1932, the Norris-La Guardia Act enumerated labor practices to be rendered exempt from judicial injunction, including the strike. In the wake of this law and other New Deal measures, many state legislatures enacted laws enhancing the powers of unions.

Following World War II, Congress passed the Taft-Hartley Act (1947), which allowed the courts to resume the use of injunctions under specified circumstances. The Labor Management Reporting and Disclosure Act (1959) further broadened the courtsí authority to issue injunctions.

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Connerly and Institute for Justice Urge Appeals Court to Lift Proposition 209/CCRI Injunction
... to stay Judge Henderson's ruling, and thereafter will rule on the merits of the injunction. The Institute for Justice advances a rule of law under which individuals control their destinies as free and responsible members of society. Through ...
http://www.acri.org/news/ifj0131.html

Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances
For example, the Section obtained a preliminary injunction against 35 defendants for blockading a reproductive health facility in a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In another case, the Section won preliminary and permanent injunctions ...
http://www.usdoj.gov/crt/split/face.htm

Chronology of Proposition 209 Lawsuit
12/23/96The district court issues its Order granting Preliminary Injunction. The injunction remains in place until a hearing has been set. No hearing date has been set. 01/03/97State defendants file Notice of Appeal of Preliminary Injunction in ...
http://www.acri.org/209/chrono.html