The Regulator Movement in North Carolina
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Farming interests in western North Carolina resented the actions of local court officials. This feeling was particularly strong in Anson, Granville, Halifax, Orange and Rowan counties.
Efforts to reform the assessment of taxes and fees were unsuccessful; the courts and assembly were not responsive and seemed to favor the causes of the wealthy tidewater elements. Regulator groups arose to close down local courts (which in this era were analogous to county commissions) and suppress tax payments; rioting broke out in several counties. In May 1771, Governor William Tryon led militia forces against the Regulators and defeated them handily at Alamance Creek.
Most of the rebels were pardoned, but seven of the leaders were hanged. The movement did not survive, but tensions between east and west remained.
A somewhat different form of "Regulator movement" existed at roughly the same time in South Carolina.
The North Carolina Regulators
Abuses in the collection of exorbitant fees by public officers, and in permitting the sheriffs and tax-collectors to delay the payment of public moneys, produced an association of the poorer colonists, who claimed that they were being overtaxed ...
Regulator movement - Columbia Encyclopedia article about Regulator movement
Virginians made the first settlements in 1769, and after the collapse of the Regulator movement in North Carolina, citizens from that colony under James Robertson established homes farther west on the river....the Regulator movement in North Carolina, citizens from that colony under James Robertson established homes farther west on the river...... Click the link for more information.
Regulator movement. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
In South Carolina, the Regulator movement was an organized effort by backcountry settlers to restore law and order and establish institutions of local government. Plagued by roving bands of outlaws and angered by the assembly’s failure to provide ...