The Zenger Case

Tensions between the popular forces and the establishment continued to grow as New York moved into the 18th century. A case in point involved John Peter Zenger (1697-1746), a German immigrant who had come to American as an apprentice printer.

Burning of Zenger's papers

By 1735, Zenger had become the editor of the New York Weekly Journal and developed a reputation for sympathy with the popular side of public issues. In that year, Zenger was brought to trial on charges of printing false and seditious statements about colonial officials.

James Alexander was Zenger's original counsel, until he was found in contempt of court and removed from the roster of attorneys. Zenger's next lawyer was Andrew Hamilton. Hamilton put forward an defense theory that is now considered obvious but which at the time was novel. He argued that Zenger's statements, even if defamatory, were not libelous because they were true.

Despite clear instructions from the judge to the contrary, the jury found Zenger innocent of all charges. The Zenger case had far reaching impacts by promoting the idea that freedom of the press was a right. In 1765, it was cited by those protesting against the Stamp Act.

Off-site search results for "The Zenger Case"...

Early American BookMarks - Peter Zenger and Freedom of the Press
In successfully defending Zenger in this landmark case, Hamilton established the precedent that a statement, even if defamatory, is not libelous if it can be proved, thus affirming freedom of the press in America. As CATO prophetically writes in ...
http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/bookmarks/zenger/

The Amistad Case
The Supreme Court ruled for the Africans, accepting the argument that they were never citizens of Spain and were illegally taken from Africa where they lived in a state of freedom. The court acknowledged the U.S. argument that it had obligations ...
http://future.state.gov/future/when/timeline/1830_timeline/the_amistad ...

The Mooney Case
The opponents of organized labor regarded the Mooney case as proof of the dangers of labor radicalism. Impassioned debate over the guilt or innocence of Tom Mooney continued for decades, even after the governor of California commuted his sentence ...
http://www.californiahistory.net/8_pages/labor_mooney.htm