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The Algonquian Native Americans are the most extensive and numerous North American groups with hundreds of original tribes speaking several related dialects of the language group, Algonkian. They lived in most of the Canadian territory below the Hudson Bay and between the Atlantic Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

The term "Algonquian" refers to "A place for spearing fishes and eels." Because Northern weather patterns made growing food difficult, the Algonquian moved their families from place to place to fish, hunt, trap, and gather roots, seeds, wild rice, and berries.

They trekked on foot and with canoes made of birch bark in warm weather, then used snowshoes and toboggans in snowy weather. Their garments, as well as their shelters, known as wigwams, were fashioned with skins. They were also occasionally sheathed with birch bark.

Algonquian man

The Algonquian men were the leaders and the heads of the family and sons inherited territorial hunting rights from their fathers.

The shaman, or medicine man, occupied an influential position in Algonquian social life. It was assumed he could heal sick persons and traffic with the spirit world, whose consituents were a great spirit, lesser spirits who controlled the elements, evil spirits responsible for illness and misfortune, and benevolent spirits who purveyed good luck and health.

The shaman was also consulted as a dream interpreter, since the Algonquian found great significance in dreams. They believed also in an afterlife where human spirits pursued animal spirits. Furthermore, they were believers in witchcraft and were quite reluctant to disclose their actual names, fearing that enemies with spiritual powers would use them with malicious intent.

The Algonquian were among the first North American natives to strike alliances with the French, who adopted Algonquian means of travel and terms like "canoe" and "toboggan."

There are presently approximately 8,000 Algonquian living in Canada, organized into 10 separate First Nations; nine are in Quebec and one in Ontario. The Algonquian included also the Delaware, Mohican, Montauk, Munsee, and Wappinger and were centered in the Hudson Valley and on Long Island.


See Indian Wars Time Table .

Off-site search results for "The Algonquians"...

Algonquian Indians
The Algonquian Indians that lived in modern-day Ohio stayed mainly in small farming villages.u00a0 Maize was their most important crop.u00a0 Some of the tribes that either lived in or near Ohio that belonged to the Algonquian Indians included tThe Algonquian Indians that lived in modern-day Ohio stayed mainly in small farming villages.u00a0 Maize was their most important crop.u00a0 Some of the tribes that either lived in or near Ohio that belonged to the Algonquian Indians included tthe Algonquian Indians included the Shawnee ...
http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=572

Jamestown Was Established
The Algonquian chief, Powhatan, at first allowed the visitors to settle, build, and farm in his territory, but as more and more came, he grew tired of the colonists' expansion on his land. Some of the tribe attacked settlers working iThe Algonquian chief, Powhatan, at first allowed the visitors to settle, build, and farm in his territory, but as more and more came, he grew tired of the colonists' expansion on his land. Some of the tribe attacked settlers working in the fields.
http://www.americaslibrary.gov/cgi-bin/page.cgi/jb/colonial/jamestwn_3

The Role of the Dutch in the Iroquois Wars
Peace between the Iroquois and the Algonquians threatened diversion of the fur trade from Quebec to Fort Oranje. Thus a peace within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence region would be beneficial for the Mohawks if furs would flow to Fort Orathe Algonquians threatened diversion of the fur trade from Quebec to Fort Oranje. Thus a peace within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence region would be beneficial for the Mohawks if furs would flow to Fort Oranje from as ...
http://www.lowensteyn.com/iroquois/

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