Background of the Twelfth Amendment
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Article II, Section 1 of the original Constitution provided for Electoral College electors to submit single ballots with two names, but no designation of president and vice president. The candidate with the highest total, if a majority, would become president and the second place finisher would become vice president. Each state would have electors equal to the total of senators plus representatives.
Problems developed almost immediately. In 1796, the system yielded a president from one party and a vice president for another. In 1800, two candidates from the same party received the same number of votes, throwing the matter into the House of Representatives where each state would cast a single vote. The emergence of partisan political activity caused the failure of the original constitutional plan.
The 12th Amendment provided the following remedies:
Constitution: Twelfth Amendment
... Twelfth Amendment forum American Foreign Relations :: Co-Da CONSTITUTION: TWELFTH AMENDMENT The electoral college system prescribed by Article II, Section 1 of the original Constitution required the states to certify electors to cast two ...
FindLaw: U.S. Constitution: Twelfth Amendment FindLaw for Legal Professionals - Case Law, Federal and State Resources, Forms, and Code
Constitution > Twelfth Amendment U.S. Constitution: Twelfth Amendment Twelfth Amendment - Election of President Amendment Text | Annotations The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President ...
American Foreign Relations - Co-Da
... the American Foreign Relations Constitution: Eleventh Amendment Constitution: Twelfth Amendment Constitution, Ratification of Constitutional Convention Constitutionalism Constitutionalism: Overview Constitutionalism: American Colonies State ...