End of Reconstruction

In 1874, the Democratic Party returned to power in the House of Representatives, providing an indication of public discontent with the Grant Scandals and the seemingly endless Reconstruction process.

In the disputed Election of 1876, neither candidate received an electoral majority. A special joint commission was established to decide the matter; by an 8-7 vote it was resolved in favor of Republican Rutherford B. Hayes, despite the fact that Democrat Samuel J. Tilden initially received a majority of the popular vote.

A few weeks after taking office, President Hayes issued an order for the removal of the remaining federal soldiers stationed in the South. In April, 1877, the last of the soldiers headed north from South Carolina and Louisiana.

A hanging

This move had been stipulated in the Compromise of 1877 and the Republicans hoped that the show of good faith would help their party regain influence in the South. That hope was in vain. The "Solid South" was, and would long remain, solidly Democratic.

The big losers, however, were the black citizens of the South. Without Republican or federal protections, their rights were drastically restricted.

- - - Books You May Like Include: ----

Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant: James Longstreet and His Place in Southern History by William Garrett Piston.
In the South, one can find any number of bronze monuments to the Confederacy featuring heroic images of Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson, J. E. B. Stu...
The Day Freedom Died: The Colfax Massacre, the Supreme Court and the Betrayal of Reconstruction by Charles Lane.
The untold story of the slaying of a Southern town’s ex-slaves and a white lawyer’s historic battle to bring the perpetrators to justice

Following ...
Origins of the New South, 1877-1913 by C. Vann Woodward.
At the end of Reconstruction, the South began to reassemble itself. The old forms of slavery were abolished, although Jim Crow laws kept southern blac...
A Nation Under Our Feet: Black Political Struggles in the Rural South from Slavery to the Great Migration by Steven Hahn.
This is the epic story of how African-Americans, in the six decades following slavery, transformed themselves into a political people--an embryonic bl...
Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War by Nicholas Lemann.
A century after Appomattox, the civil rights movement won full citizenship for black Americans in the South. It should not have been necessary: by 187...

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