Due to its policy of racial segregation and the widespread attitude opposed to any blacks being allowed to fly, it was difficult even as World War II loomed for black Americans to enlist and become military pilots. Bowing to pressure, the Army began training some pilots in 1941. The involvement of the First Lady, Eleanor Roosevelt, who flew with one of the black pilots, further advanced the cause.
A number of pilots who had been trained in Tuskegee, Alabama, eventually became the 332nd Fighter Group and had a distinguished record during engagements over Europe.
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The Wild Blue: The Men and Boys Who Flew the B-24s Over Germany 1944-45 by Stephen E. Ambrose.
Long before he entered politics, when he was just in his early 20s, South Dakotan George McGovern flew 35 bomber missions over Nazi-occupied Europe i...