Hart Crane

Hart Crane

“Crane’s mind was no bigger than a pin, but it didn’t matter, he was a born poet."
- e.e. cummings

"Hart Crane's poems are profound and deep-seeking. In them he reveals, with a new insight and unique power, the mystic undertones of beauty which move words to express vision."
- Eugene O'Neill

The early years

Harold Hart Crane (no relation to Stephen Crane) was born in Garrettsville, Ohio, about halfway between Cleveland and Youngstown in the state's northeastern section. His father, Clarence, invented the LifeSaver® candy ringlet as a way to increase his summertime business when chocolate sales were lagging.

Hart dropped out of high school after his parents divorced. He spent most of his time shuttling from Cleveland, where he was a sometime cub reporter and worker in his father's factory, to New York City, where he wrote copy for advertising agencies and mail-order catalogs. It was in the Big Apple that Hart discovered his homosexuality, and where he was most comfortable in a largely homophobic culture.

Hart's writing was influenced early on by T.S. Eliot (The Waste Land). He identified with Eliot's style, if not his pessimism. Later on, Walt Whitman and his American sensibilities inspired him. Critics sometimes aired the notion that Hart forced his Eliot-influenced words into Whitman-esque templates.

Maturing verse

Crane's best-known works include The Bridge (1930), a series of poems intended to be the "American epic." They were based on his experiences and observations while coming of age in the shadows of the Brooklyn Bridge. White Buildings included some of his best lyrics; and Voyages I was an incredibly sensitive and heartfelt series of love letters to his ex-lover Emil Opffer, a Danish ship's purser, his one true love.

It should be noted that Crane had a brief heterosexual affair with the ex-wife of his friend, Malcom Cowley, during his stay in Mexico in 1931-32, on a Guggenheim fellowship. That entry on the ledger's bright side inspired his last great poem, The Broken Tower. ²

Epitaph

Crane was in his prime during the Roaring Twenties. He got caught up in the glitz and glamour of the era. He was an intelligent alcoholic, like many of his contemporaries, and volatile when manic depression reared its hoary head. His poetic style was upbeat, as much as life would allow, but drink and unrequited love precipitated a downward spiral with predictable results. Crane committed suicide by leaping into the Caribbean from the S.S. Orizaba in 1932.


² The Broken Tower was the title selected by Paul Mariani for his biography of Crane.

Off-site search results for "Hart Crane"...

Hart Crane
W., The Broken Arc: A Study of Hart Crane (1969) Crane, Hart, The Complete Poems and Selected Letters and Prose of Hart Crane, ed. by Brom Weber (1966) Crane, Hart, The Bridge, commentaries by Waldo Frank and Thomas A. Vogler (NY: LiverightHart Crane (1969) Crane, Hart, The Complete Poems and Selected Letters and Prose of Hart Crane, ed. by Brom Weber (1966) Crane, Hart, The Bridge, commentaries by Waldo Frank and Thomas A. Vogler (NY: LiverightHart Crane, ed. by Brom Weber (1966) Crane, Hart, The Bridge, commentaries by Waldo Frank and Thomas A. Vogler (NY: Liveright, 1970 ...
http://www.lit.kobe-u.ac.jp/~hishika/crane.htm

Hart Crane
Hart Crane (1899-1932) | Biographical Sketch | On "Black Tambourine" | On "Chaplinesque" | On "Episode of Hands" | On "Porphyro in Akron" | On "Voyages I" | On "Proem: to Brooklyn Bridge" | On "Ave Maria" | On "The River" | On "Cape HaHart Crane (1899-1932) | Biographical Sketch | On "Black Tambourine" | On "Chaplinesque" | On "Episode of Hands" | On "Porphyro in Akron" | On "Voyages I" | On "Proem: to Brooklyn Bridge" | On "Ave Maria" | On "The River" | On "Cape Hatteras ...
http://www.english.uiuc.edu/maps/poets/a_f/crane/crane.htm

The Academy of American Poets - Hart Crane
... mail to Friend | Print Hart Crane Born in 1899 in Garrettsville, Ohio, Harold Hart Crane was a highly anxious and volatile child. He began writing verse in his early teenage years, and though he never attended college, read regularly Hart Crane Born in 1899 in Garrettsville, Ohio, Harold Hart Crane was a highly anxious and volatile child. He began writing verse in his early teenage years, and though he never attended college, read regularly Hart Crane was a highly anxious and volatile child. He began writing verse in his early teenage years, and though he never attended college, read regularly on his ...
http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/233