Connecticut Compromise

Roger Sherman addressed the nettlesome issues of representation and slavery by offering what came to be known as the Connecticut Compromise (or Great Compromise). It provided:

  • The upper house (Senate) would have equal representation and be elected by the lower house

  • The lower house (House of Representatives) would be subject to proportional representation

  • The 2871:Three-Fifths Compromise]: For purposes of determining the number of representatives in the House, every five slaves would be counted as three. (This did not confer the vote on slaves; it was simply a formula for determining representation in the House of Representatives.) Final wording in the Constitution referred to “all other persons” and the words slave and slavery do not appear; this same population computation would also be used for determining taxation.

  • All proposed legislation having to do with raising money would originate in the House of Representatives.

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Major Themes at the Constitutional Convention by Gordon Lloyd
What's the Point to The Hamilton Plan? 5. The Connecticut Compromise 6. The Necessary and Proper Clause 7. The Slave Trade 8. Establishing the Electoral College and the Presidency 9. Judicial Review and Judicial Powers 10. Why Three Delegates ...

As a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, he helped to shape the "Connecticut Compromise" that asured each state equal representation in the Senate and population-based representation in the House of Representatives. After ratification of ...

Ellsworth, Oliver
At the 1787 Constitutional Convention, he helped create the "Connecticut Compromise," better known as the "Great Compromise," which resulted in a bicameral legislature to balance the representation of small and large states. When the first ...