Calhoun`s Endorsement of Nullification
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The passage of the Tariff of 1828 troubled Vice President Calhoun who worried about the impact of high duties upon his home state of South Carolina. Calhoun had previously supported protective tariffs, but now gave expression to his changing view in the South Carolina Exposition and Protest, which was prepared for the legislature of that state. Calhoun argued that the states had the right to oppose unconstitutional acts of Congress through the process of nullification. On December 19, 1828, the South Carolina legislature approved the exposition and protest, which ended with a protest against the protecting duties as "unconstitutional, oppressive, and unjust."
Never far from the surface, the concept of nullification emerged again in early 1830 in the famous Webster Hayne Debate.
Later that spring, the president and vice president had a famous confrontation in front of a political gathering. Jackson, knowing of Calhoun’s support for nullification, stared at the Vice President and offered the toast, “Our Federal Union, it must be preserved.” Calhoun stood before the hushed audience and replied, “The Union, next to liberty, most dear.”
Calhoun, a clearly ambitious man, realized by 1830 that his chances of receiving support for a presidential bid from Jackson were dead.
Ordinance of Nullification
... in question the authority of this ordinance or the validity of such act or acts of the legislature as may be passed for the purpose of giving effect thereto, or the validity of the aforesaid acts of Congress, imposing duties, shall any appeal ...
The nullification crisis of 1832
... the violation of the charter of the bank, and the Presidential veto of the act of Congress rechartering it; the deposit of the public money in the selected State banks with a view to its safe keeping and for the greater encouragement of trade ...
Historical Maps of Calhoun County
and Causey, L.V. Title/Description: Geologic Map of Calhoun County, Alabama Publication Info: Geological Survey of Alabama, Special Map 17 Date: 1962 Scale: 1:63,000 Original Source: Geological Survey of Alabama Viewing ...