The University of Michigan is a public, co-educational university, located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. It has been consistently ranked one of the top academic institutions in the world. Founded in 1817, the University of Michigan is one of the nation's first public universities established by the Michigan Territorial legislature. The university moved from Detroit to its current location in 1837. During the first two decades of the 20th century, the university added a wide range of facilities such as dental and pharmacy programs, a chemistry building, a building for the study of natural sciences, two residential halls, and large hospital and library complexes. In 1920, the university received wide acclaim for its research activities, with the formal reorganization of the College of Engineering and the formation of an advisory committee to guide academic research initiatives. During World War II, the university played a major role in the development of weapons such as the VT Fuse, depth bomb, the PT boat, and radar jammer. Later, U-M became a major recipient of government grants for strategic research and was on the cutting-edge of the development of peacetime uses for atomic power, when the Cold War and the Space Race took hold in the second half of the 20th century. Presently, the university has one of the largest annual research expenditures of any public university in the nation. The university is spread over three campuses in Ann Arbor: the Central, North, and South Campuses. It offers both graduate and undergraduate programs. The College of Literature, Science and the Arts, the School of Music, the School of Nursing, the School of Art and Design, the College of Engineering, the Law School, the Ross School of Business, and the Medical School are some of the core institutes of the university. The Medical School has been partnered with the University of Michigan Health System - one of the largest health care complexes in the world. The Central Campus, designed by the architect Albert Kahn between 1904 and 1936, is the location of the Ross School of Business, the Law School, and the College of Literature, Science, and Arts. Most of the buildings seen here are a fine example of classical and gothic style of architecture. Designed by the Birmingham-based architect Eero Saarinen, the North Campus is home to the College of Engineering, the Schools of Music and Art and Design, and the Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning. Found on the South Campus are the major sports facilities such as Michigan Stadium and Crisler Arena. The Institute for Continuing Legal Education and the Student Theatre Arts Complex are also here. One of the largest in the nation, the university’s library system consists of 19 libraries, of which the most prominent are the Harlan Hatcher Graduate Library and the Shapiro Undergraduate Library. Further, Gerald R. Ford Library, located on the North Campus, is a part of the Presidential Libraries system maintained by the federal agency, National Archives and Records Administration. The university also includes a chain of museums, focusing on Archeology, Anthropology, Paleontology, Zoology, and Art. The University of Michigan Museum of Art, with a collection of European, American, Middle Eastern, Asian, and African items, is one of the important museums in the university.