Massacre Rocks State Park is located along the Snake River west of American Falls, Idaho. It contains a configuration of boulders along the south bank of the Snake, known alternatively as Massacre Rocks, "Gate of Death," or "Devil's Gate."
Massacre Rocks was a well-known site on the Oregon Trail and California Trail during the mid-19th century. Immigrants gave the name Massacre Rocks to the trail's narrow passage through the rocks. The name stemmed from the fear of a possible ambush by Indians.
The pages of some immigrants' diaries indicate that settlers in five wagons clashed with the Shoshoni just east of the rocks, on August 9 and 10, 1862. The fight involved four wagon trains; 10 immigrants died in the fighting. The skirmishes actually took place east of the park, and not at Devilís Gate as is commonly believed, but the undeserved name stuck.
Geologically the park was created during the repeated volcanic activity on the Snake River Plain. The rocks were deposited in their present location at the end of the last ice age some 14,500 years ago, during the catastrophic deluge known as the Bonneville Flood, when most of Lake Bonneville surged down the Snake River.
The rocks are all that is left of an extinct volcano; they were often used as campsite for wagon trains along the trail. Many of the immigrants carved their names and dates on the rock face, which is now called Register Rock and is protected by a shelter. The passage through the rocks is now the route of Interstate 86 along the south edge of the park.
Off-site search results for "Massacre Rocks "...
Black Rock Mountain State Park
Phone: (706)746-2141Address: Black Rock Mountain State Park, P.O Drawer A, Mountain City, Georgia,30562 North Georgia parks Return to Index Free brochure on North Georgia travel from the Historic High Country Travel Association Want to add a link ...
Oregon Trail in Idaho--Massacre Rocks
Oregon Trail interpretive walk from the rest area to the trail ruts. Ruts in Massacre Rocks State Park, 1999 Current Observations/Journal Entry: "Tuesday, June 29. The kiosk has information panels about the Snake RiveMassacre Rocks State Park, 1999 Current Observations/Journal Entry: "Tuesday, June 29. The kiosk has information panels about the Snake River Plain, the Dust and ...
Little Rock, United States
An increasing tourism trade is blossoming across the state. As the state's largest metropolitan area, Little Rock is touting its historical and cultural attractions to great benefit. In 1969, the economy of the city of Little Rock received a ...