Secretaries of the Interior

The U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI), with eight bureaus, is the nation's principal conservation agency, charged with the mission to protect America's treasures for future generations, provide access to the nation's natural and cultural heritage, offer recreation opportunities, honor its trust responsibilities to American Indians and Alaska Natives and its responsibilities to island communities.

In addition, the department conducts scientific research, provides wise stewardship of energy and mineral resources, fosters sound use of land and water resources, and conserves and protects fish and wildlife.

The Secretary of the Interior is appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate. He or she directs and supervises all aspects of the department, including the territorial governments.

Term of Service
Secretary
Home State
Administration
1849 - 1850
Thomas Ewing Ohio Taylor
1850
Thomas M.T. McKennan Pennsylvania Fillmore
1850 - 1853
Alex H.H. Stewart Virginia Fillmore
1853 - 1857
Robert McClelland Michigan Pierce
1857 - 1861
Jacob Thompson Mississippi Buchanan
1861 - 1863
Caleb B. Smith Indiana Lincoln
1863 - 1865
John P. Usher Indiana Lincoln
1865 - 1865
John P. Usher Indiana A. Johnson
1865 - 1866
James Harlan Iowa A. Johnson
1866 - 1869
Orville Browning Illinois A. Johnson
1869 - 1870
Jacob D. Cox Ohio Grant
1870 - 1875
Columbus Delano Ohio Grant
1875 - 1877
Zachariah Chandler Michigan Grant
1877 - 1881
Carl Schurz Missouri Hayes
1881 - 1882
Samuel J. Kirkwood Iowa Garfield
1882 - 1885
Henry M. Teller Colorado Arthur
1885 - 1888
Lucius Q.C. Lamar Mississippi Cleveland
1888 - 1889
William F. Vilas Wisconsin Cleveland
1889 - 1893
John W. Noble Missouri B. Harrison
1893 - 1896
Hoke Smith Georgia Cleveland
1896 - 1897
David R. Francis Missouri Cleveland
1897 - 1899
Cornelius N. Bliss New York McKinley
1899 - 1901
Ethan A. Hitchcock Missouri McKinley
1901 - 1907
Ethan A. Hitchcock Missouri T. Roosevelt
1907 - 1909
James R. Garfield Ohio T. Roosevelt
1909 - 1911
Richard A. Ballinger Washington Taft
1911 - 1913
Walter L. Fisher Illinois Taft
1913 - 1920
Franklin K. Lane California Wilson
1920 - 1921
John B. Payne Illinois Wilson
1921 - 1923
Albert B. Fall New Mexico Harding
1923 - 1923
Hubert Work Colorado Harding
1923 - 1929
Hubert Work Colorado Coolidge
1929
Roy O. West Illinois Coolidge
1929 - 1933
Ray Lymon Wilbur California Hoover
1933 - 1945
Harold L. Ickes Illinois F.D. Roosevelt
1945 - 1946
Harold L. Ickes Illinois Truman
1946 - 1949
Julius A. Krug Wisconsin Truman
1949 - 1953
Oscar L. Chapman Colorado Truman
1953 - 1956
Douglas McKay Oregon Eisenhower
1956 - 1961
Fred A. Seaton Nebraska Eisenhower
1961 - 1963
Stuart L. Udall Arizona Kennedy
1963 - 1969
Stuart L. Udall Arizona L.B. Johnson
1969 - 1971
Walter J. Hickel Alaska Nixon
1971 - 1974
Rogers C.B. Morton Maryland Nixon
1974 - 1975
Rogers C.B. Morton Maryland Ford
1975 - 1977
Stanley K. Hathaway Wyoming Ford
1977 - 1981
Cecil D. Andrus Idaho Carter
1981 - 1983
James G. Watt Colorado Reagan
1983 - 1985
William P. Clark California Reagan
1985 - 1989
Donald P. Hodel Oregon Reagan
1989 - 1993
Manuel Lujan Jr. New Mexico Bush
1993 - 2001
Bruce Babbitt Arizona Clinton
2001 -
Gale A. Norton Colorado G.W. Bush

See cabinet officers sorted by administration.

Off-site search results for "Secretaries of the Interior"...

Secretary of the Interior's Designee Resigns from Presidio Trust Board - Presidio of San Francisco
... the Presidio Trust Board of Directors, on which he served as the designee of the Secretary of the Interior since March 2000. His decision anticipates a new appointment to the seven-member board by Secretary Gale A. NoSecretary of the Interior since March 2000. His decision anticipates a new appointment to the seven-member board by Secretary Gale A. Norton, who is expected ...
http://www.presidio.gov/Trust/Press/pressreleases/Heyman.htm

Dirk Kempthorne, Secretary of the Interior
Department of the Interior on May 26, 2006, in a voice vote by the U.S. Senate. Kempthorne took the oath of office on the same day. Prior to his confirmation as Secretary, Kempthorne served nearly two terms as Governor of Idaho, elected first in ...
http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/dkempthorne-bio.html

Duties of the Secretary
... of the Position Duties of the SecretaryUnder the Constitution, the President of the United States determines U.S. foreign policy. The Secretary of State, appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate, is the President's ...
http://future.state.gov/who/secretary/44496.htm