Battle of Mons

The Battle of Mons was the first clash between the land forces of Britain and Germany during World War I.

Following the Belgian defeat at Liege on August 16, 1914, German forces continued their westward push toward France, with Paris as their ultimate objective.

Map

Previously, on August 14, the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) of 70,000 men had arrived on the continent and begun to move south in an effort to link up with a major French army. The BEF forces under Commander-in-Chief Sir John French proceeded cautiously; they encountered German patrols in southwestern Belgium on August 22. French ignored intelligence warnings about the size of German forces in the area (later learned to be 150,000 men) and began preparations for an attack. During the night, however, French changed his plans and ordered his army to take up defensive positions around the city of Mons, southwest of Brussels and close to the French border.

Early on August 23, German general Alexander von Kluck initiated a frontal assault against the BEF positions. The British defenders included many expert riflemen who extracted an extremely heavy toll among the advancing enemy. German leaders incorrectly concluded that only the use of machine guns could have accounted for their losses.

Later in the day, the arrival of reinforcements and superior artillery firepower turned the tide of battle. British commanders received word of the pullback of neighboring Belgian and French forces and followed suit. Initially, German soldiers tended their wounded, rather than pursue their retreating opponents. Several days later, the armies engaged again at Le Cateau in northeastern France (August 26); British forces were pushed back with heavy losses.

British War Minister Lord Kitchener then ordered the BEF to pull back to the banks of the River Marne outside of Paris.


See World War I Time Table.

Off-site search results for "Battle of Mons"...

First World War.com - Battles - The Battle of Mons, 1914
... to view a map of the Battle of the Frontiers. Click here to view a map of the Battle of Mons. Photographs courtesy of Photos of the Great War website. The British army suffered 188,706 gas attack casualties during the war of which Battle of Mons. Photographs courtesy of Photos of the Great War website. The British army suffered 188,706 gas attack casualties during the war of which 6,062 were ...
http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/mons.htm

Battle Of Saratoga
The Battle of Saratoga - Planet Papers ... The Battle of Saratoga. The Battle of Saratoga is considered to be the major turning point of the American Revolution. This battle proved to the world that the ... The Battle of Saratoga--The British ...
http://famousamericans.net/presidentjamesmadison.com/JohnQAdams.com/al ...

Battle Of New Orleans
War of 1812. Andrew Jackson. ... Battle of New Orleans. War of 1812. Under Andrew Jackson. ****. ... Re-living History: The War of 1812 ... Battle of New Orleans. The Battle of New Orleans with General Andrew Jackson at right Source: The War of ...
http://www.warof1812.net/BATTLEOFNEWORLEANS.COM/

Search