In England, the Tory Party was the party that supported the King and the aristocracy in general, in contrast with the Whigs. During the American Revolution, the term "tory" was applied to any Loyalist. No party of that name ever came into existence in the United States, although the Federalists were by philosophical inclination the closest to them.
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Collected Writings: Common Sense/The Crisis/Rights of Man/The Age of Reason/Pamphlets/Articles & Letters by Thomas Paine.
“I know not whether any man in the world," wrote John Adams in 1805, “has had more influence on its inhabitants or affairs for the last thirty years t...