The Seventy Cavalry Regiment was constituted after the end of the Civil War. Its primary duty for the next 25 years was fighting Indians, although it also served for a while in the South to enforce the implementation of Reconstruction.
The most famous battle was "Custer`s Last Stand" against the Sioux at the Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876, at which its commander, Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and 211 men died. The regiment also committed the massacre at Wounded Knee in 1890, which effectively ended the Indian wars. For heroism in these two engagements, 41 members of the regiment received the Medal of Honor.
The Seventh Cavalry took part in the invasion of Mexico in 1916 and 1917. Thereafter, the "horses" of the cavalry became mechanized. In World War II, it was engaged in the Pacific Theater. It remained in Japan during the occupation and fought in Korea. In Vietnam, its tanks were supplemented with helicopters and its role was primarily reconnaissance.
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Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee: An Indian History of the American West by Dee Brown.
The Wounded Knee Massacre brought to an end the Indian wars of the 19th century. The army force that brought it about was the Seventh Cavalry, which ...
To Hell with Honor: Custer and the Little Bighorn by Larry Sklenar.
The image of the famous "last stand" of the Seventh U.S. Calvary under General George Armstrong Custer has metamorphosed into myth. We picture the sol...
Crazy Horse and Custer by Stephen E. Ambrose.
On the sparkling morning of June 25, 1876, 611 men of the United States 7th Cavalry rode toward the banks of the Little Bighorn in the Montana Territo...