Central High School National Historic Site

Central High School National Historic Site is a national emblem of the often violent struggle over school desegregation. The line in the sand was crossed when nine African-American teenagers, "The Little Rock Nine," braved an angry white mob protesting integration in front of Little Rock, Arkansas's Central High School, testing the three-year-old decision of the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education.

Although the federal court ordered Little Rock, Arkansas, to comply, Governor Orval Faubus, on September 4, 1957, called for the Arkansas National Guard to prevent school desegregation. Ten days later in a meeting with President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Faubus agreed to use the National Guard to protect the African-American teenagers.

On returning to Little Rock, he dismissed the National Guard troops. Within hours, the jeering, brick-throwing mob had beaten several reporters and smashed many of the school's windows and doors. While the students met their new classmates for the first time inside the school, the violence outside escalated, and the Little Rock police removed the nine students from the school for their safety.

On September 5, 1957, Eisenhower ordered the U.S. Armyís 101st Airborne Division into Little Rock to escort the nine students into the school. The Little Rock Nine finished out the school year under federal protection.

The following school year, Governor Faubus closed all the high schools to deny the African-American students their civil right to access the public the school system. The students were forced to either attend high school out of state, or take correspondence classes.

Despite more violence, the school board ordered that the schools be reopened in the fall of 1959, and four out of the original nine students returned to school, this time protected by the local police.

Off-site search results for "Central High School National Historic Site"...

We Shall Overcome -- Little Rock Central High School
... crowdPhotograph by and courtesy of Will Counts Little Rock High School, now Central High School National Historic Site, is a national emblem of the often violent struggle over school desegregation. PCentral High School National Historic Site, is a national emblem of the often violent struggle over school desegregation. Parting the Waters author Taylor Branch ...
http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/travel/civilrights/ak1.htm

Historical Documents and Speeches - Executive Order 10730 - Desegregation of Central High School (1957) Documents
... Resources Related Topics Executive Order 10730 Desegregation of Central High School (1957) This Executive Order of September 23, 1957 signed by President Dwight Eisenhower sent Federal Troops to maintain order and peace while the integration ...
http://www.historicaldocuments.com/ExecutiveOrder10730lg.htm

1957 Little Rock Central High School crisis - Arkansas History Commission: Find, Order historical Photos, Pictures
... Guard withdrawn, there were daily problems with street crowds at Central High School until President Dwight D. Eisenhower placed the National Guard under Federal control and sent troops of the United States Army to patrol the school and ...
http://www.ark-ives.com/photo/gallery/central.asp